How did it all start?
The latest chapter in Yemen’s civil war can be traced back to September 2014 when Houthi Shia rebels seized control of the capital Sana’a, forcing the President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi to flee, and attempted to seize control of other parts of the country.
The precarious situation has been complicated by divisions within the security forces, with some remaining loyal to President Hadi’s predecessor Ali Abdullah Saleh, and the presence of Al Qaida and Islamic State factions.
In March 2015, the Gulf Cooperation Council agreed to launch an offensive against the Houthis and Saudi Arabia has led airstrikes against rebel strongholds in Yemen.
With 16 million of its 24 million population already in dire need of humanitarian aid, the latest conflict has only deepened the crisis for Yemen’s suffering civilians.
According to the United Nations, more than 10 million Yemenis struggle to meet their basic food needs and an estimated 13.4 million lack access to safe drinking water. Malnutrition and disease are rife – mothers are 57 per cent more likely to die in childbirth than elsewhere in the Arab world – and 335,000 people were long term displaced even before the latest outbreak of civil conflict.
Infrastructure – including schools and medical centres – and telecommunications have been severely damaged or destroyed and the deteriorating situation in many parts of the country has been compounded by a breakdown of law and order.
Among those most particularly vulnerable are children, many of whom are separated from families, abused or recruited into armed groups. Unicef estimates that a third of the fighters in armed groups are children and in just the first two weeks of April more than 70 were killed.
Sana The main public hospital in the capital city, Al-Thawra Hospital has been overwhelmed by the current conflict. It has received over 100 patients in the past few days and as the hospital provides its services free of charge it has been unable to keep up with the influx of patients and has transferred many of them to private hospitals which is a considerable hardship for poor patients.
Al-Thawra is currently requesting donations to help with its operations including supplies (the hospital had to purchase medication from individual suppliers to keep up with cases) and funds to support its electricity grid and ambulance services.
Amran governorate has received up to 2,000 households from the outskirts of the capital region who have been fleeing the areas surrounding military encampments, weapon storages and other areas attacked during the past few days
The majority of these households were women and children (as adult males mostly remained in the capital region) leaving those households vulnerable and dependent on the already overwhelmed host areas in Amran.
The capital city of Hodeida governorate is witnessing airstrikes as well as clashes between civilians and armed groups.
An international coalition conducted bombardments on several areas in the city which sent scores of people into hospitals in the past 48 hours, including Al-Ulfy public hospital which reported severe limitations (in terms of supplies and beds) in treating patients which they have transferred over to private hospitals. Islamic Help observed internal displacements within Hodeida city especially an influx from the airport and bombing areas.
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